In the export trade, goods and services are sold and shipped out of the jurisdiction of the country and customs authorities. While export to developed countries, Bangladesh gets some tariff facilities. It is nothing but helping the developing countries in export trade and industrialization, on the other hand, they regulate some products to enter their country at a lower price. Currently, Bangladesh is enjoying tariff-free market access for 90 per cent to 100 per cent products in all the developed countries except the United States. Tariff-free and low-tariff market access facilities in the developed and some developing countries immensely benefited Bangladesh. Bangladesh High Commissioner to Ottawa wrote that quality of Bangladesh’s apparel products as well as efficient supply-chain mechanism has largely contributed to doubling bilateral trade in a decade.
The processes in a Supply Chain are usually divided into a series of cycles, each performed in the interface between two interrelated successive stages of a Supply Chain. Sub-processes in each Supply Chain Process Cycle I.e., each cycle comprises six sub-processes, supplier stage markets a product, buyer stage places order, supplier stage receives order, supplier stage supplies order, buyer stage receives supply, buyer returns reverse flows to a supplier or the third party.
Returns avoidance, gate keeping, disposal and other supply chain issues are related with reverse logistics. The product may need to travel in reverse through the entire supply chain network to retain use of any service from the defective goods. There are closed loop supply chain networks that include returns processing and manufacturer has the intention to capture additional value and integrate all supply chain activities. Usually, asset based three 3PLs work as third party who are specialized in waste management and related activities. Reuse of manufactured and sold goods After sales service and returns management are sometimes related to the logistic companies.
To ensure load unload of deep draft vessels the Matarbari port is essential for Bangladesh and adjacent countries and areas. The Matarbari deep sea port has a 16m depth that will help 16m draft vessels to unload their cargo at the terminal. At deep sea, currently mother vessels unload the cargo at feeder vessel and they carry the cargo to the Chittagong port. The present seaports (Chattogram sea port and Mongla sea port) of the country do not have the capacity to handle huge containers and vessels and the building of a deep sea port is the only solution. Chittagong port can’t load unload from more than 9.5 meter vessels.
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In 1999, the company was acquired by VF Corporation, and was renamed as The Force in 2005, but reverted to the original brand name in 2010. In 2021, the Horace Small brand was sold to Redwood Capital Investments, LLC; and later became part of Workwear Outfitters. VF Corporation (VFC), an international footwear and apparel company founded in 1899 and headquartered in Denver, Colorado owns 19 brands including Altra, Bulwark, Dickies, Eagle Creek, Eastpak, Horace Small, Jansport, Kipling, Kodiak, Napapijri, Red Kap, Smartwool, Terra, The North Face, Timberland, VF Solutions, Vans, Walls, and Icebreaker.
The uncertain nature of the customer demand need to take into consideration by generating the production plan and in particular the production quantities, to meet uncertain customer demand in the best way possible and maximize the profit, by minimizing production costs. Aggregate planning is a process by which a company decides about their ideal levels of capacity, production, inventory, stock-out situations, pricing, subcontracting, etc. Production planning, is the correct placement of production orders concerning place, or region, of production, and time scheduling and sequencing of production orders. The parameters are usually production rate, workforce, overtime, machine capacity level, subcontracting, backlog, and inventory on hand. The amount of overtime production planned is a parameter for aggregate production planning. Production planning for fashion apparel products has to cope with demand uncertainties. Collaborative forecasts created by various enterprises are an important input in aggregate supply chain planning. However, at the time of generating the production plan, the predicted customer demands are largely uncertain.
Supply chains engender great opportunities for the weather forecasting industry to advance. Those who can utilize these kinds of forecasting, are beneficial to some extent and preserved from loss of weather disruptions. On one hand, the impact of weather in many cases increases the cost of the supply chain, on the other hand, it decrements the visibility of the supply chain due to inclement weather. Various weather stations measure weather data such as rainfall, shipping, etc. Weather cognate courses are being evolved for supply chain managers to tackle weather disruption issues well. The other utilization of weather reports from third-party companies can help forecast early solutions and point out the affected areas.