How supply chain planning works: A general discussion

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The uncertain nature of the customer demand need to take into consideration by generating the production plan and in particular the production quantities, to meet uncertain customer demand in the best way possible and maximize the profit, by minimizing production costs. Aggregate planning is a process by which a company decides about their ideal levels of capacity, production, inventory, stock-out situations, pricing, subcontracting, etc. Production planning, is the correct placement of production orders concerning place, or region, of production, and time scheduling and sequencing of production orders. The parameters are usually production rate, workforce, overtime, machine capacity level, subcontracting, backlog, and inventory on hand. The amount of overtime production planned is a parameter for aggregate production planning. Production planning for fashion apparel products has to cope with demand uncertainties. Collaborative forecasts created by various enterprises are an important input in aggregate supply chain planning. However, at the time of generating the production plan, the predicted customer demands are largely uncertain.

Weather impacts on supply chain management: An analysis

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Supply chains engender great opportunities for the weather forecasting industry to advance. Those who can utilize these kinds of forecasting, are beneficial to some extent and preserved from loss of weather disruptions. On one hand, the impact of weather in many cases increases the cost of the supply chain, on the other hand, it decrements the visibility of the supply chain due to inclement weather. Various weather stations measure weather data such as rainfall, shipping, etc. Weather cognate courses are being evolved for supply chain managers to tackle weather disruption issues well. The other utilization of weather reports from third-party companies can help forecast early solutions and point out the affected areas.

Revenue in a supply chain: Financial Risk from the third party

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Carrying out thorough third party audit not only provides the necessary regulations, but it also helps mitigate against reputational financial risk and data related damage. It is required to be careful about various governmental embargo situation: Third party suppliers, logistic service providers should prevent themselves from buying from or selling to anyone on the relevant restricted company lists maintained by various governments, such as Australia, Canada, the UK and the US. On the other hand, this is a strategy which results in higher supply chain profit than a price of the whole duration of sales season. To increase the profit margin Supply Chain Managers must use all the levers available, including price. Third type of approach he can adopt is at high demand season, he can take lower price, and low demand season, he can take a higher price.

Cycle View of a Supply Chain

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The processes in a Supply Chain are usually divided into a series of cycles, each performed in the interface between two interrelated successive stages of a Supply Chain. Sub-processes in each Supply Chain Process Cycle I.e., each cycle comprises six sub-processes, supplier stage markets a product, buyer stage places order, supplier stage receives order, supplier stage supplies order, buyer stage receives supply, buyer returns reverse flows to a supplier or the third party.

JCPenney’s Supply Chain: A case study

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Strengthening and revitalizing the highest traffic area in the store to become a leading destination for women’s shoes, handbags, fashion jewelry, intimate apparel and accessories, which are anchored by two very strong businesses: Sephora inside JCPenney and the Fine Jewelry store. This week, one of the oldest and largest stores to crack under the pressure of the pandemic, JCPenney, announced that it will be closing a total of 165 stores by Mar. J.C. Penney partners with organizations such as the Sustainable Apparel Coalition (SAC), apparel, footwear, and textile industry alliance to decrease the environmental and social impacts of production. These include actively participating in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) SmartWay program, which helps companies advance supply chain sustainability by measuring, benchmarking, and refining freight transportation efficiency.

A discussion about lack of supply chain coordination and the bullwhip effect

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In SCM, a supply chain manager coordinates the logistics of all the aspects of the supply chain which consists of five parts: the plan or strategy, the source of raw materials and services, manufacturing, i.e., productivity and efficiency, delivery and logistics, the return system for defective and unwanted goods etc. The phenomenon that fluctuation in orders increases as one moves up the supply chain from retailers to wholesalers to manufacturers to suppliers is referred to the bullwhip effect. Managers can help achieve coordination in supply chain by aligning goals and incentives across different functions and stages of the supply chain. When supply chain moves from retailers to wholesalers to manufacturers to suppliers, the bullwhip effect occurs. It results in different stages optimizing local objectives instead of total supply chain profits. The bullwhip effect results in costs in the supply chain and decrease in levels of customer service.

Driver shortage can create logistical and supply chain issues: Land transportation in North America.

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Brown notes that trucking companies can’t realistically expect to get “lifer” employees anymore – the guys and gals who stick with a company for their entire career. Logistic activities undertaken in-house by the users of the services and the operations of external service providers. How and why the driver shortage issue developed and possible solutions one of the reason of the shortage, according to ATA is explosion of shopping due to retail giant Amazon and Walmart. Although ATA wanted some attention from government arguing systematically about driver shortage issue. Some trucking companies are working harder to make the profession suitable to women by addressing some of the issues like safety, comfort and the ability to juggle driving career with family life. The BLS says that if wage adjustment and other regular formalities allow fix driver shortage, why there should be an issue of driver shortage since 1980. All firms and relationships that get a product to market, including the original acquisition of raw materials; production of the item at a manufacturing facility; distribution to a retailer; sale of the finished item to the customer, and any installation, repair, or service activities that follow the sale.
Keywords: Driver shortage, supply chain,North America, USA, Canada etc.