“Green Supply Chain” or “Environmentally Friendly Supply Chain” are almost synonymous. For a firm , it is a set of supply chain policies formed and held,action taken accordingly and relationships formed in response to concerns related to the natural environment,so that acquisition,production,distribution and disposal of the firm’s goods and services does not hamper environment.Sometimes,joint technology programs are taken with the supplier and implement greener supply chain.By implementing greener supply chain initiatives lead to benefits for the company,for purchasing & supply process,also on society.These initiatives should focus not only the manufacturing company ,but also product and manufacturing process of supplier.
An environmental innovation:
Green supply chain management (GSCM) is considered as an environmental innovation.As such, GSCM plays a vital role in influencing the total environment impact of any firm involved in supply chain activities and thus contributing to sustainability performance enhancement.The concept of GSCM is to integrate environmental issues into supply chain management (SCM). GSCM aims to minimize or eliminate wastages including hazardous chemical, emissions, energy and solid waste along supply chain such as product design, material resourcing , manufacturing process, distribution of final product management business activities can pose a paramount threat to the environment in terms of carbon monoxide emissions, discarded packaging materials, scrapped toxic materials, traffic congestion and other forms of industrial pollution.