Category: Supply Chain Management

Supply Chain sustainability: The Walmart perspective

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Abstract A sustainable supply chain is measured by triple bottom line “Impact on people, profits and the planet”, which are the upstream components of the supply chain.This shift in paradigm usually reflects        the    understanding   that the sustainable supply chains are…

A Lean Logistic Control System : Kanban

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Abstract To run a production system as a whole and to promote improvement kanban is used as tool.The Kanban system was implemented in 1953 in Toyota Company manufacturing process. Those signals are tracked by replenishment cycle, so that suppliers and buyers notice it. They observed  that they can view a process as being a customer and proceeding process as a store. Signboards were used to give expression of shipping at the store. Kanban is part of a system where “Pull” comes from the demand. According to Taiichi Ohno ,    must follow strict rules to be effective, also need close monitoring of products ,so that products with defect should not be sent to subsequent process, produce exact quantity; the process should be tuned finely  and rationally. Keywords: Lean manufacturing, Kanban tool, JIT etc.     Introduction It’s literally “signboard” or “billboard”. In “Lean” or “JIT”production , it is considered as a scheduling system. From the production point of view , it is a way to…

International Procurement: Highlights on some essential incoterms

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Abstract: Incoterms are last amended by ICC on January 01, 2013.Some essential incoterms are highlighted below: The incoterms EXW can be defined as an agreement between a buyer and a seller that after production completed and left warehouse of the seller, seller is not responsible for cost and liability for the product. Incoterms FOB and EXW can be used interchangeably while consider terms and agreement between buyer and seller.Seller is not responsible for loading the goods unless specified otherwise and buyer is responsible for doing insurance for EXW shipments under the buyer’s Ocean Cargo Policy.Free Carrier While using the incoterm FCA , the Seller agrees to give delivery of the goods into the custody f the forwarder, freight forwarder etc.Free on Board(Named port of shipment) The incoterm FOB is from thepoint of delivery of goods and transfer of risk, it starts with the goods pass the ship’s rail at the named port of shipment. Except CIP and CIF , incoterms do not have any obligation on the Seller and Buyer to provide insurance. Keywords: Freight collect, Incoterms,EXW, FCA, FOB Article: Introduction: Incoterms are nothing but some International Commercial terms published by International Chamber of Commerce to clearly communicate the associated risks,costs,tasks etc. evolved with international procurement and logistics. Which are widely accepted by legal authorities,…

A discussion about Inventory optimization: Use of IMAFS software

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Abstract: IMAFS helps knowledge gathering areas, such as, solution oriented and stock availability management, best practices in inventory management, support from experts, evolution of ROI before implementation and simplify integration, proven and rigorous implementation methodology using cloud/SAAS mode, continuous improvement…

Sourcing and Procurement Decisions and Third Party Supply Chain Management Service Providers

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Abstract: Supplier Scoring is used to rate Supplier performance.Impact on Supply Chain surplus and total cost is the basis of comparison between suppliers.If sourcing process is effective it improves profits for the firm and total supply chain in various ways. A firm may like to keep a supply   chain function  in  the  house if   outsourcing increases the third party power significantly. Firms often like to keep the  supply chain function in the house, if there is a chance to leakage of intellectual property or other sensitive information,  especially when  the third party also serves the competitors also.Since late 1990s the trend of outsourcing a greater range of  supply chain function has been growing.With more globalization of business customers are looking for players, who  can manage virtually all aspects of their Supply Chain, which is being called 4PL.A  4PL is an integrator ,who assembles the supply chain resources, capability and technical areas of its own and other organization to design, build and run comprehensive supply chain solutions. Keywords:Supplier, 3PL,4PL, Sourcing,Supply Chain Management etc. Introduction: Sourcing is the whole set of business processes, which is necessary to buy goods and services required by the Supply Chain. Most important decision…